Livestock Judging Competition

Jake Rosewell, Superintendent

Friday, September 29, 2017 – Livestock Pavilion - immediately following Heifer Show at Show Ring

- Individual competition
- No entry fees
- Participant must take part in the Titus County Fair Livestock Show (includes Ag Mechanics)

Competition Classes:
     Junior – 8th grade or lower
     Senior – 9th grade and higher

I.  Purpose
This event is designed to teach students the desirable trait of livestock today.  Students must observe details, see individual animals in the context of a class and make generalizations of individual traits to the industry, be knowledgeable of external anatomy, market and performance standards, performance data, breed character, make logical decisions and use generally accepted industry terminology.  Students will be able to select livestock that will satisfy the demands of the consumer.

II.  Event Format
A.  Event Schedule
     Each contestant will be given 12 minutes at each station to complete the evaluation or answer the      questions provided.
B.   Placing Classes (300 points)
     1.  Contestant will evaluate classes of livestock.
     2.  There will be six (6) classes of livestock.
          1 Breeding Beef
          1 Market Beef
          1 Breeding Swine
          1 Market Swine
          1 Breeding Sheep or Goat
          1 Market Lamb or Goat
         (A maximum of one goat class can be used)
     3.  Each class shall have a possible value of 50 points.
C.   Questions (75 points)
1.  Five (5) questions per class will be developed within the parameters of the state-adopted                   “Class Characteristics for Livestock Questions”.
      2.  Five (5) points are awarded for each correctly answered question
      3.  Questions are derived from three (3) of the market or breeding placing classes (one beef, one            swine, one sheep/goat).
     4.  At least one (1) class of questions must be concerning a breeding class and one (1) must                   pertain to a market class.
     5.  Questions regarding a specific placing class will be answered immediately following that class.      6.  Student may use his/her own notes taken during judging.
D.  Female Section Classes (150 points)
     1.  One class each of beef, swine, sheep (eight animals per class) 
          (Livestock class may vary due to availability)
     2.  Contestant should designate the four (4) best animals, using visual appraisal and performance           date.
     3.  Performance data provided.
     4.  Each class shall have a possible value of 50 points.
     5.  A scenario (description of production objectives) should be provided for the beef, swine and               sheep female selection classes.  Performance data that may be provided orally or in writing
         may include: 
Beef: Expected Progeny Differences (EPDs) may be given for birth weight, weaning weight, yearling weight, milk and carcass merit.  Date of birth, birth weight, weaning weight (actual or adjusted), and weight (actual or adjusted) may also be provided. 
Swine: Date of birth, days to 250 pounds, estimated back fat (inches), loin eye area (square inches), number of pigs born in litter, number of pigs weaned in litter, and dam’s Sow Productivity Index (SPI Value) may be included for the gilts in this female selection class. 
Sheep:  Date of birth, weaning weight (60 or 120 days), maternal pounds weaned, type of birth and rearing (single, twin or triplet), fleece weight (fine wools), and spinning count (fine wools)may be provided for ewes in this female selection class.
Performance criteria, when used, shall be based on standards developed and used by the Beef Improvement Federation, the Sheep Industry Development Program, Inc., and the National Swine Improvement Federation.
     6.  Event officials will assign a point value to each one of the individual animals, giving the most  
         points to the most desirable animal and the least points to the least desirable animal.  If the  
        student selects the best four (4) animals, full credit will be given (50 points).

     Animal Numbers – Sample for Scoring
               8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
               Sample Class
               (18) (13) (11) (8) (7) (4) (3) (0)
               Point Value
     Animal Numbers Selected – Example Scoring
               Student A 6 8 4 2
               (11) (18) (7) (3) 39
               Student B 8 7 6 5
               (18) (13) (11) (8) 50
               Student C 7 6 5 1
               (13) (11) (8) (0) 32
               Student D 1 2 3 4
               (0) (3) (4) (7) 14
     Points values are shown in parentheses above.  Point values are established by official judges
     and may differ on each class.
E. Grading Classes (100 points)
     1.  Official judges may use all mechanical and electronic devices available to assist in placing and          grading.
     2.  More than one breed may be used in the grading classes.
     3.  A USDA grader will be used for all grading classes.
     4.  Grading Classes are worth 50 points each.
     5.  Beef Cattle Grading – Slaughter Cattle
          a.  Contestant will grade one class of Slaughter Cattle (five head)
          b.  Grading based on the latest USDA market grades and cutability
          c.  All grades not necessarily represented
          d.  50 points for slaughter cattle grading class
          e.  Slaughter grades used in the event are prime, choice, select, and standard.  No slaughter                  cattle over 42 months of age will be used; therefore, the “commercial” grade is not shown.
          f.  For slaughter cattle, the student is to mark (bubble in) the quality grade subdivision and also                the correct cutability (yield grade) rating number for each animal.
          g.  Credit of four (4) points is allowed for correct quality grade.  Three (3) points will be allowed                for each ½ grade above or below the official grade.  Two points are allowed for one full
               grade above or below the official grade, and the score is zero for more than one full grade
               above or below the official grade.
          h.  Credit of six (6) points will be allowed for correct cutability rating.  Four (4) points will be                       allowed if an animal is graded ½ grade above or ½ grade below the correct yield grade.
               Two (2) points will be allowed for each full grade above or below the correct yield grade,
               and the score will be zero for more than one full grade above or below the designated yield
     6.  Beef Cattle Grading – Feeder Cattle
          a.  Contestant will evaluate one class of Feeder Cattle. (five head)
          b.  Grading based on the latest USDA market grades.*
          c.  All grades not necessarily represented.
          d.  50 points for feeder cattle grading class.
          e.  For Feeder Cattle Grading, the student is to mark (bubble in) the proper grade standard for                frame size and bubble in the grade standard for muscle thickness.  No cattle over 36    
              months of age will be used. Texas will not use the “inferior grade.”
           f.  Five (5) points will be awarded for the correct frame size, three (3) points will be awarded if                the animal is graded one grade above or one grade below the correct frame size, and one                  point will be awarded if the animal is graded two grades above or two grades below the
               correct frame size.
          g.  Five (5) points will be awarded for the correct muscle thickness, three (3) points will be                        awarded if the animal is graded one grade above or one grade below the correct muscle                    thickness, and one (1) point will be awarded if the animal is grade two grades above or two                grades below the correct muscle thickness. Zero (0) points will be awarded if the animal is                  graded three grades above or below the correct muscle thickness.
F.  Written Exam (50 points)
Contestant will complete a 25-question general knowledge exam.  The exam will cover livestock breeds, nutrition, health, marketing, evaluation and management.

                Placing Classes                                       300
                Questions                                                  75
                Female Selection Classes                       150
                Grading Classes                                      100
                Written Exam                                             50
                Total Points
                Individual                                                675         

Ties for individual awards shall be broken as follows:
          1.  The individual with the highest score in the six placing classes win.
          2.  If still tied, the individual with the highest alternate score will be the winner.
          3.  If still tied, the advisors shall match for the high award.


For additional information:  Jake Rosewell, Livestock Judging Superintendent
                                                   (903) 466-3943